He was addressing an international conference commemorating the signing of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty in 1991. The treaty, which entered into force in 1998, designates Antarctica as a “nature reserve, dedicated to the protection of the environment. peace and science “.
Singh said India, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is committed to reducing carbon emissions in the Antarctic atmosphere.
India has already embraced the green power initiative by experimenting with the feasibility of wind power generation and installing moderate production of wind power generators on an experimental basis, he said.
“The choice of combined heat and power generation for the Bharati station to reduce carbon emissions in Antarctica also promotes India’s commitment to protect the environment,” said Minister of State of the Union for Science and Technology and Earth Sciences.
India has two active research stations: Maitri (commissioned in 1989) at Schirmacher Hills and Bharati (commissioned in 2012) at Larsemann Hills in Antarctica. The country has successfully launched 40 annual scientific expeditions to Antarctica to date.
Noting that India looks forward to contributing to the evolution of the Committee for Environmental Protection’s climate change response work program, he said the climate-induced uptake of carbon dioxide by the oceans polar polarization causing acidification that destroys marine environments and ecosystems, gradually affecting fisheries and propelling a disastrous biome is one of the challenges of the next 30 years.
Singh reiterated that India also anticipates the growth of tourism and unreported and unregulated illegal fishing as potential problems.
India is committed to the comprehensive protection of the Antarctic environment and dependent and associated ecosystems, and the designation of Antarctica as a nature reserve dedicated to peace and science, he said.
The Minister said that India also reaffirms its commitment to the Protocol on Environmental Protection of the Antarctic Treaty and claims to effectively implement all decisions, resolutions and measures adopted at ATCM in the Indian Antarctic Program. , use a green alternative energy system at the two Indian Antarctic research stations. like solar panels and wind power generators, which gradually compromises the use of fossil fuels and makes the station efficient with alternative green energy.
India signed the Antarctic Treaty on August 19, 1983 and shortly thereafter received consultative status on September 12, 1983.
The country is one of the 29 Consultative Parties to the Antarctic Treaty. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the National Antarctic Program and of the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research.